DISCLAIMER: The following information concerns an out of date version of Window-Eyes. Program features and enhancements may not reflect the current state of Window-Eyes development. GW Micro may not be liable for any errors, inaccuracies, omissions, or out-of-date information contained herein. For information regarding the current version of Window-Eyes, please refer to the Latest Features page.

Window-Eyes: Performance, Reliability, and Stability
"Unleashing the power of your mind's eye."


Welcome to Window-Eyes 4.21
(c)1995-2003 GW Micro, Inc. All Rights Reserved
E-Mail: support@gwmicro.com
Phone: 260-489-3671
Released: 01/10/03

Congratulations!
You are about to experience the latest in cutting edge screen reading technology: Window-Eyes 4.21. Boasting over 100 enhancements and new features from the previous version, Window-Eyes 4.21 continues to lead the way, providing you with the most "Rock Solid" experience of any screen reader. Whether you are new to the power of Window-Eyes, or a seasoned Window-Eyes veteran, you will soon be experiencing the performance, reliability, and stability that Window-Eyes 4.21 has to offer.

Keeping In Touch
Now that you are a proud owner of Window-Eyes 4.21, why not join up with other Window-Eyes users on the GW-Info e-mail list? To subscribe, send an e-mail message to listserv@gwmicro.com. Leave the subject blank, and type "join gw-info" in the body (without the quotes). Soon after you send your message, you will receive a confirmation. Reply to that confirmation and you will become a member of the largest public network of Window-Eyes users, always eager and willing to answer any questions you may have. Although we encourage all users to help each other with questions and problems, you can take comfort in knowing that the GW-Info list is constantly monitored by GW Micro employees. You can also contact us directly by using the contact information listed above.

Manual Errata
You may encounter references to Window-Eyes 4.2 in the Window-Eyes documentation. Please note that information is still valid for Window-Eyes 4.21. The On-Line, and MP3 manual files, for example, were not updated just to denote the version change. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.

One other piece of information that didn't quite make it into the updated manual has to do with turning off the auto hide unused system tray icons in Windows XP. To disable this feature, do the following:

1. Press CTRL-ESC to bring up the Start Menu
2. Press ESC to focus the start button
3. Press SHIFT-F10 to enable the context menu
4. Type 'R' for properties
5. Press SHIFT-TAB to focus the tab control
6. Arrow RIGHT or LEFT until you hear Taskbar
7. TAB until you hear the "Hide inactive icons" check box
8. Press SPACE to uncheck this check box
9. TAB to OK and press ENTER

Thank You!
Window-Eyes is developed with you in mind. Please feel free to contact us regarding any questions, comments, or suggestions that you may have; we are anxious to hear from you. Now read on to learn more about your latest investment, and thank you for choosing Window-Eyes!

What's New?
For information on Window-Eyes 4.21 Braille Display support, please see the section titled "+++ Window-Eyes 4.21 Braille Display Information", which is located at the end of this document.

The rest of this document is a list of some of the major enhancements between Window-Eyes 4.2 and Window-Eyes 4.21, and is divided up into three sections:

### New Window-Eyes 4.21 Features
@@@ New Window-Eyes 4.21 Enhancements
*** Specific Set File Information

If you would like to jump to a specific section, simply search for the three characters that begin the names of the sections listed above.

### New Window-Eyes 4.21 Features

* Window-Eyes 4.21 is proud to introduce Display chain management (DCM). DCM, fully supported by Window-Eyes, is a standard created by GW Micro, Microsoft and other AT vendors. DCM is designed to allow applications which need to insert a display driver into the system (such as screen readers and screen magnifiers) to co-exist peacefully. With all applications utilizing DCM, there will no longer be issues with installing and uninstalling applications, or having to remember the installation order. It is important to note, however, that even if a single application (which uses its own display driver) doesn't support DCM, there may still be co-existence problems. In order to be DCM compliant the Window-Eyes driver is now totally pass-through both when active and inactive. This allows the most compatibility possible. If you have questions about DCM, please contact our technical support department at 260/489-3671, or via e-mail at support@gwmicro.com.

* Load Before Startup has been greatly enhanced for Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

* If you lock your computer in XP (which requires Fast User Switching to be disabled) Window-Eyes will remain intact.

* We have improved MSAA performance especially in XP. This is not MSAA mode in IE but tabbing to MSAA controls such as in Microsoft Word dialogs.

* We have enhanced support for the User Accounts dialog in Windows XP.

* Window-Eyes Pro now disables the "Animate windows when minimizing and maximizing" feature automatically for XP and 2K. This information is documented in section 2.9 of the manual.

* Full support for Visual Studio .NET (Both the IDE and applications created with .NET).

* Full support for Lotus Notes 6.

* We have included the ability to route the mouse to links in Internet explorer outside of MSAA mode.

* Many fonts are now supported including the SYMBOL font.

* Full support for RealOne Version 2.0. You can download the latest RealOne Player from www.realone.com.

* We have added support for more delphi controls out of the box.

* Flash events now default to off. Note that the MSAA progress indicator (ie. Loading page, load done) will still announce the presence of any Flash animations on the page. If you wish to turn on Flash events, simply press ALT-SHIFT-M.

* Both text2set and set2text have been updated.

* The Window-Eyes dialogs and text will now use whatever the system colors are. Previously it was hard coded for a grey background with black text. This will make the installation of Window-Eyes easier for people with low vision who have their displays set in a specific way.

* SAPI 5 speech engines are now supported. The list of SAPI engines in the Select Synthesizer dialog now indicates if the engine is SAPI 4 or SAPI 5. Both are now fully supported.

* We have added seven new Braille hotkey options. You now have sticky shift, sticky control, sticky alt, sticky windows, sticky menu, sticky insert, and clear sticky keys. For those that like to type from the Braille display, this gives you the full power of the keyboard without having to define all possible combinations. The sticky option will stay active until a key is produced from another Braille key press. The sticky keys are cumulative so you can do any combination. They are cleared individually by simply hitting the sticky key again or you can clear all sticky keys at once by issuing the clear sticky keys option. For example, let's say you have a Braille keypad on your display. If you define dot 1 as a lower case "a" but want ctrl-shift-a you can press the Braille hotkey defined to sticky control and the Braille hotkey defined to sticky shift and then press dot 1 for the a. This will issue a ctrl-shift-a. Remember, only the very first character generated by a Braille keystroke will be modified. So if instead of dot 1 just sending the letter "a" lets say it sent "abc". Using the example above with ctrl-shift you would get ctrl-shift-a followed by the letter b followed by the letter c.

* We have also added two new Braille hotkey options: "Name Toggle" and "Type Toggle." These will simply toggle the checkbox in the control information dialog box.

* Added support for the Zephyr Braille display from Technibraille.

* We have added support for the Focus Braille display using serial ONLY.


@@@ New Window-Eyes 4.21 Enhancements

* Load Before Startup now works under Windows 2000 when you have a dialog pop up asking for the password of a shared drive after logging on.

* In Windows XP, have the start menu be set for the XP style. Highlight any option and press shift-f10. In many/most cases Window-Eyes wouldn't say "context menu." This has been resolved.

* While in Windows XP, launch Clipmate and note the minute it takes to load while Window-Eyes is running. This has been resolved.

* In Windows XP, open my computer. Navigate to your CD-ROM drive, and press SHIFT-F10. Choose properties from the context menu and press enter. Navigate to the Autoplay tab. Hit tab to the first combo box. If you arrow down through this combo box, the first item is repeated and not the actual item that has focus, although the index is incremented properly. Using shift CTRL-S also gives the incorrect information. This problem has been resolved.

* Fixed problem with dial-up networking in Window-Eyes Professional.

* In many cases as you arrowed through text you may have had to wait 10 or 15 seconds before the character was voiced. This was especially true with Windows 2K and XP, and has been resolved.

* Fixed a problem where Window-Eyes could get confused with certain property sheets under Windows 2K and XP.

* Fixed stability problems in the Event Viewer of Windows XP.

* Under XP and 2K, when you changed the video resolution, Windows would display a dialog asking if you want to keep the new setting. You had so many seconds to say yes or no, and this dialog wasn't spoken automatically. This problem has been resolved.

* If an application is running as system user then Window-Eyes could go silent while that application had activation. This problem has been resolved.

* If you run an application produced by Visual Studio .Net or just use Visual Studio .Net development environment, the text generated would be scrambled. This problem has been resolved.

* On certain systems, when you alt-tabbed in Window-Eyes Professional, you would only get part of the text spoken from the alt-tab dialog. This has been resolved.

* Whenever you ran the MS Script Editor from MS Word XP, you would always get a crash. This has been resolved.

* Go to a web page with radio buttons or checkboxes. While in MSAA mode, TAB to one of these controls and press enter. In MOST cases the status of the control will be read in the opposite state it really is in. This has been resolved.

* If you have Load Before Startup on and you shut down the system, Window-Eyes would launch another copy of itself after exiting the currently running version. This would slow down the shut down and give extra speech. This has been resolved.

* Problems with a 10-15 second hang in various applications (Clipmate, CPU Cool, and many other places - basically any time a field name was being read) has been resolved.

* The search results treeview of Kazaa was not reading correctly, and re-classing it did not work. This has been resolved.

* Tool tips in Cool Edit Pro version 2 were not speaking. This has been resolved.

* In Windows 98, we solved an "out of range" error problem with the Speaking Clock Deluxe application (and other applications).

* We have fixed a major OSM regression. This was ONLY a problem for Windows 9X/ME users where a redraw was required to pull text out. A simple example was in Windows 98 with Outlook 2000. Most messages brought up from the inbox would require a redraw to get the text in the OSM. Again, this has been resolved.

* We fixed a problem where Window-Eyes thought it was still in a menu. Some people couldn't even get the synthesizer list to read because of this problem.

* Many times, when you first launched the spell checker in Word, the hyperactive windows to read the misspelled word did not trigger. This has been resolved.

* With Window-Eyes running, go to the Window-Eyes help menu and select the Window-Eyes manual. While in the help dialog, click on the INDEX tab control. Now TAB to the listbox and notice that you can't arrow up or down. This problem has been resolved.

* We fixed some listviews where Window-Eyes would read certain columns over and over and not read other columns. This has been resolved. Window-Eyes now handles listviews where columns are missing.

* Fixed a stability issue especially on startup.

* Fixed a hang with eFax Messenger Plus where selecting the Fax Cover Note option from the context menu in the system tray would freeze the system.

* Window-Eyes now identifies that you are on the desktop when you use Windows Key-D. Previously it would not say desktop and CTRL-SHIFT-T would say, "No active application."

* We have fixed a Read to End problem when either shift and/or control were used as part of the hotkey.

* In some dialogs of Window-Eyes, when you entered on the OK button of the dialog, the Window-Eyes voice control panel would close and you would be put back in the application instead of back in the Window-Eyes voice control panel.

* Fixed several stability problems in both Window-Eyes Standard and Window-Eyes Professional.

* Fixed several focus and activation problems.

* Enhanced stability with MSAA applications.

* Greatly improved the stability of launching and shutting down Window-Eyes.

* Flash on background web pages won't affect the foreground flash window.

* Fixed problems with the system hanging when either Internet Explorer or any MSAA application was shut down.

* Fixed a problem where speak all would not always work.

* If attribute changes were turned on, as you backspaced or deleted characters, Window-Eyes wouldn't realize the attributes are the same. This has been resolved.

* We have enhanced the reliability of reading graphics in the Outlook Express inbox.

* We have enhanced reliability when reading menu items.

* Fixed all known compatibility issues with Norton SystemWorks 2002.

* We now recognize rich edit password controls so your password won't be spoken aloud.

* Fixed some issues of set files not being updated when you switch Window-Eyes users.

* On some systems changing the video resolutions while Window-Eyes was running would cause stability problems. This has been resolved.

* Enhanced support for context menus.

* Enhanced support for tooltips.

* Enhanced support for MSN Explorer.

* Fixed a problem with the switch language hotkey. It wouldn't always recognize all the installed Eloquence languages under Windows 9X/Me.

* From time to time, the synthesizer would get stuck in a wrong rate or pitch. This is especially true if you don't have all three voices setup to use the same parameters. Even if you did have them the same the pitch or rate, the voice could get messed up because of the raised pitch functions and the automatic slow down of certain functions. This problem has been resolved.

* If you used the switch language hotkey it would revert back to the default language in several areas (ie. when you ended a read-to-end). This has been resolved.

* Fixed a problem in the Accent synthesizer where the colon and semi-colon would be double voiced if the punctuation was enabled.

* If you have "Window Type" disabled in the focus dialog, Window-Eyes wouldn't read the status of checkboxes in web pages. This has been resolved.

* If you used multiple identities in outlook express, Window-Eyes had problems opening messages. This has been resolved.

* We now recognize the dialogs in Install Shield that use the Microsoft Installer.

* Fixed problem with certain applications and the Window-Eyes bypass command.

* Fixed stability problems of launching a link from an Outlook Express message if Internet Explorer was not already running.

* Fixed the speaking rate for ViaVoice 6. The switch language now supports version 6 as well.

* Previously both Microsoft's visual studio and Borland's Delphi's developer environment would cause major stability problems with Window-Eyes. This has been resolved.

* You couldn't always disable the auto detection of lightbars. This problem has been resolved.

* Fixed problems where the background color was not always being determined correctly.

* Enhanced our ability to detect certain graphics being drawn on the screen.

* In some cases, as you tab between edit boxes, if the edit box had data the field name wouldn't be spoken. This problem has been resolved.

* If a hyperactive window loaded a new disk set, all the commands of the hyper window would get executed twice. This problem has been resolved.

* Backspacing through text in Eudora 5.x (especially in Windows 9X) can be extremely slow.

* Fixed problems in the Windows 98 Password dialog.

* If you set the update timeout value in the Braille options dialog greater than 999 and you and bring up the options dialog again the system would become unstable. This has been resolved.

* Fixed several memory leaks.

* In the Standard User Window Definition dialog box (insert-f7), the field name for Light bar status wasn't read. This has been resolved.

* Increased reliability of communicating with SAPI and DECtalk Access32 synthesizers on startup.

* Better support for non-US keyboards.

* Fixed field labels not being displayed in Braille with edit boxes.

* Braille now works in MDI (Multi-Document Interface) windows.

* If you setup a Braille keystroke to execute the bypass hotkey, it would cause instability problems when you pressed that Braille keystroke. This has been resolved.

* If you unchecked field name in Braille, on the Braille display Window-Eyes would not recognize the start menu correctly. This has been resolved.


*** Specific Set File Information

The following changes have been made to some Window-Eye set files. Please note that the new sets files are only updated in the default set file location (by default, c:wineyessets); they are not installed automatically. To use the new set files, you will need to re-install the sets using the "Select Set File" dialog in the file menu of the Window-Eyes voice control panel.

* Added WordPerfect 10, and Norton Systemworks 2002 set files.
* Added Lotus Notes 6 sets
* Changed ALT-T to ALT-N in Office 97, Office 2K, and Office XP
* Updated add/remove checkbox graphics for Windows 2K, 16bit
* Updated MSOE graphics for Windows 2K, 16bit
* Updated MSO2K graphics for Windows XP, 16 bit
* Updated MSOE graphics for Windows XP, 16bit
* Modified all graphic dictionary sets to be dictionary only
* Modified F6 to read attachments in MSO2K and MSOXP
* Added checked/unchecked for msconfig and tweakUI for Windows XP, 16bit
* Added WordPerfect 10 Sets
* Enhanced verbosity options in Office 2K and Office XP
* Updated Space Threshold from 4 to 5 in CPROMPT.000
* Added sets for Norton Systemworks 2002
* Updated global settings in all Access sets to Voice and Verbosity
* Associated NOTEPAD.GRA and NOTEPAD.KEY with NOTEPAD.000
* Updated Office XP sets, specifically Excel XP. Editing cells should now be more robust.
* Added graphic labels for checked/unchecked in Add/Remove Programs control panel under Windows Components.
* Re-classed checkboxes for search under XP to make them work faster.
* Updated Office XP sets, specifically Word XP. Spell check should now be more robust.
* Updated Office 2K sets, specifically Word 2K. Dialogs that were once silent should now read.
* Updated Office XP sets, specifically Outlook XP. Message status graphics should now read in 16 and 32 bit for both the default and classic views.


+++ Window-Eyes 4.21 Braille Display Information

Each main section starts with two stars (**) and each individual Braille display starts with one star (*).

**ALVA Braille Displays

Keys defined by ALVA Access Group

Window-Eyes supports many models of ALVA. These include: 240, 280, 320, 340, 440, 380, 480, Satellite 544 (Standard and Traveller), Satellite 570, and Satellite 584

ALVA Braille Terminal Three (ABT3) users must ensure that the firmware is dated January 1, 1997 or later in order that Window-Eyes can properly communicate with the hardware. After powering on the Braille display, observe the last group of characters on the right for the firmware date. The format of the date is DDMMYY, for day, month and year, respectively. If you have an earlier firmware date, you should contact your authorized ALVA dealer to arrange an upgrade. ALVA Satellite, Delphi and Series Two users do not need to be concerned with the firmware date of the hardware. Consult the documentation that accompanies your Braille display for details on how to configure your Braille display for use with a serial, parallel or USB connection. For additional assistance, contact your authorized ALVA dealer.

The factory default Braille keys are as follows. Each model grouping is listed separately:

*ALVA 240 and 280:

Touch - Single Left Click At Cell Position

Left - Scroll Braille Left
Right - Scroll Braille Right
Down - Next Braille Line
Up - Prior Braille Line

Home1 - To Title Bar
Home1 + Down - Bottom Line
Home1 + Up - Top Line
Home1 + Left - To Menu Bar
Home1 + Right - To Status Line

Cursor1 - To Focus

Prog1 - Silence
Prog1 + Down - Read To End
Prog1 + Up - Read Active Window
Prog1 + Left - Speak Summary
Prog1 + Right - Read Title/Status of Current App

*ALVA 320 and 340:

Status 1 - Braille Graphic Mode
Status 2 - Spacing Toggle
Status 3 - Attributes To Show Rotor
Status 4 - Attribute Changes Toggle

Left - Scroll Braille Left
Right - Scroll Braille Right
Down - Next Braille Line
Up - Prior Braille Line

Home1 + Cursor1 - Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Home1 - To Title Bar
Home1 + Down - Bottom Line
Home1 + Up - Top Line
Home1 + Left - To Menu Bar
Home1 + Right - To Status Line

Cursor1 - To Focus

Prog1 - Silence
Prog1 + Down - Read To End
Prog1 + Up - Read Active Window
Prog1 + Left - Speak Summary
Prog1 + Right - Read Title/Status of Current App

*ALVA 380:

Status 1 - Braille Graphic Mode
Status 2 - Spacing Toggle
Status 3 - Attributes To Show Rotor
Status 4 - Attribute Changes Toggle

Left - Scroll Braille Left
Right - Scroll Braille Right
Down - Next Braille Line
Up - Prior Braille Line

Home1 + Cursor1 - Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Home1 - To Title Bar
Home1 + Down - Bottom Line
Home1 + Up - Top Line
Home1 + Left - To Menu Bar
Home1 + Right - To Status Line

Cursor1 - To Focus

Prog1 - Silence
Prog1 + Down - Read To End
Prog1 + Up - Read Active Window
Prog1 + Left - Speak Summary
Prog1 + Right - Read Title/Status of Current App

Prog2 - Enter
Cursor2 - Tab
Home2 - Shift-Tab

*ALVA 440:

Touch - Single Left Click At Cell Position
Double Touch - Single Right Click At Current Mouse Position
Status Double 1 - Braille Tracking Toggle
Status Double 2 - 6 / 8 Dot Toggle
Status Double 3 - Quick Message Rotor
Status Double 4 - Braille Window Toggle

Status 1 - Braille Graphic Mode
Status 2 - Spacing Toggle
Status 3 - Attributes To Show Rotor
Status 4 - Attribute Changes Toggle

Left - Scroll Braille Left
Right - Scroll Braille Right
Down - Next Braille Line
Up - Prior Braille Line

Home1 + Cursor1 - Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Home1 - To Title Bar
Home1 + Down - Bottom Line
Home1 + Up - Top Line
Home1 + Left - To Menu Bar
Home1 + Right - To Status Line

Cursor1 - To Focus

Prog1 - Silence
Prog1 + Down - Read To End
Prog1 + Up - Read Active Window
Prog1 + Left - Speak Summary
Prog1 + Right - Read Title/Status of Current App

*ALVA 480:

Double Touch - Single Right Click At Current Mouse Position
Status Double 1 - Braille Tracking Toggle
Status Double 2 - 6 / 8 Dot Toggle
Status Double 3 - Quick Message Rotor
Status Double 4 - Braille Window Toggle

Status 1 - Braille Graphic Mode
Status 2 - Spacing Toggle
Status 3 - Attributes To Show Rotor
Status 4 - Attribute Changes Toggle

Left - Scroll Braille Left
Right - Scroll Braille Right
Down - Next Braille Line
Up - Prior Braille Line

Home1 + Cursor1 - Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Home1 - To Title Bar
Home1 + Down - Bottom Line
Home1 + Up - Top Line
Home1 + Left - To Menu Bar
Home1 + Right - To Status Line

Cursor1 - To Focus

Prog1 - Silence
Prog1 + Down - Read To End
Prog1 + Up - Read Active Window
Prog1 + Left - Speak Summary
Prog1 + Right - Read Title/Status of Current App

Prog2 - Enter
Cursor2 - Tab
Home2 - Shift-Tab

*ALVA Satellite 544 (Standard and Traveller):

Double Touch - Single Right Click At Current Mouse Position

Status Double 1 - Braille Tracking Toggle
Status Double 2 - 6 / 8 Dot Toggle
Status Double 3 - Quick Message Rotor

Status 1 - Braille Graphic Mode
Status 2 - Spacing Toggle
Status 3 - Attributes To Show Rotor

Left - Scroll Braille Left
Right - Scroll Braille Right
Down - Next Braille Line
Up - Prior Braille Line

Home + Cursor - Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Home - To Title Bar
Home + Down - Bottom Line
Home + Up - Top Line
Home + Left - To Menu Bar
Home + Right - To Status Line

Cursor - To Focus

(Forward Ear) - Paragraph
(back Ear) - Silence
(Back Ear) + (Forward Ear) - Read To End

North - Read Title/Status of Current App
South - Read Status Line
East - Sentence
West - Speak Summary
West + East - Read Active Window

(Forward Pad) - Tab
(Back Pad) - Shift-Tab
(Back Pad) + (Forward Pad) - Enter
(Up Pad) - Up Arrow
(Down Pad) - Down Arrow
(Left Pad) - Left Arrow
(Right Pad) - Right Arrow
(Up Pad) + (Right Pad) - ALT
(Back Pad) + (Left Pad) - Control-Shift-Tab
(Left Pad) + (Right Pad) - Backspace
(Right Pad) + (Forward Pad) - Control-Tab
(Up Pad) + (Down Pad) - Escape

*ALVA Satellite 570 and 584:

Double Touch - Single Right Click At Current Mouse Position

Status Double 1 - Braille Tracking Toggle
Status Double 2 - 6 / 8 Dot Toggle
Status Double 3 - Quick Message Rotor

Status 1 - Braille Graphic Mode
Status 2 - Spacing Toggle
Status 3 - Attributes To Show Rotor

Left - Scroll Braille Left
Right - Scroll Braille Right
Down - Next Braille Line
Up - Prior Braille Line

Home + Cursor - Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Home - To Title Bar
Home + Down - Bottom Line
Home + Up - Top Line
Home + Left - To Menu Bar
Home + Right - To Status Line

Cursor - To Focus

(Forward Ear) - Paragraph
(back Ear) - Silence
(Back Ear) + (Forward Ear) - Read To End

North - Read Title/Status of Current App
South - Read Status Line
East - Sentence
West - Speak Summary
West + East - Read Active Window

(Forward Pad) - Tab
(Back Pad) - Shift-Tab
(Back Pad) + (Forward Pad) - Enter
(Up Pad) - Up Arrow
(Down Pad) - Down Arrow
(Left Pad) - Left Arrow
(Right Pad) - Right Arrow
(Up Pad) + (Right Pad) - ALT
(Back Pad) + (Left Pad) - Control-Shift-Tab
(Left Pad) + (Right Pad) - Backspace
(Right Pad) + (Forward Pad) - Control-Tab
(Up Pad) + (Down Pad) - Escape

(Left Tumbler Left) - Scroll Braille Left
(Left Tumbler Right) - Scroll Braille Right
(Right Tumbler Left) - Scroll Braille Left
(Right Tumbler Right) - Scroll Braille Right


** Braille Lite Displays

Keys defined by Myrna Votta

The guidelines for defining the keys of the Braille Lite, were based on the reasons for using a Braille display along with speech. Not only do we want to feel what we hear so that we can obtain the information in greater detail, but we don't want to constantly shift our hands between the Braille display and the PC keyboard. Fortunately, the Braille Lite is one of the displays which contains many keys which can be configured in numerous combinations. Therefore, this affords us the opportunity to emulate PC keystrokes which move the caret, the focus, the mouse, and to execute Window-Eyes hotkeys without taking our hands from the Braille display. We also are able to review the Window without moving either the focus or the mouse, just as we do with the WE cursor.
To make it easier to learn the Braille display functions keep in mind that pressing left hand key combinations, with or without the spacebar, will cause the caret, focus, display, or the mouse to move either to the left, or top. Conversely, pressing right hand key combinations will cause movement either to the right or to the bottom. Many of the key combinations should be familiar because the commands they invoke are very similar to those used when editing Braille Lite files. For example, the E chord is defined as the enter key and the B chord is defined as the backspace key.

*Braille Lite 18:

The following list of Braille Lite keys is divided into five categories -- keys that move the Braille display, keys that move the caret or focus, keys that move the mouse, keys that emulate Window-Eyes hotkeys, and keys that emulate Windows keystrokes.

Keys that move the Braille Display:
Dots 8: Scroll Braille Right
Dots 1, 2, 8: Scroll Braille Left
Dots 1, 2, 3 chord: Top Line
Dots 4, 5, 6 chord: Bottom Line
Dots 3, 4: To Status Line
Dots 1, 2, 4: To Focus
Dots 1, 2 (letter B): Braille Tracking Toggle

Commands for moving the caret or focus:
Dot 3: left arrow
Dot 6: right arrow
Dot 2: control-left arrow
Dot 5: control-right arrow
Dot 1: up arrow
Dot 4: down arrow
Dots 2, 3: home
Dots 5, 6: end
Dots 1, 2, 3: control-home
Dots 4, 5, 6: control-end
Dots 1, 3: Page up
Dots 4, 6: page down
Chord: Same as pressing the space bar
Dots 1, 5 chord (E chord): ENTER
Dots 1, 3, 5, 6 chord: Escape
Dots 2, 3, 4,5, (letter T): Tab
Dots 2, 3, 4, 5 chord: shift-tab
Dots 1, 2 chord (B chord): backspace
Dots 1, 4, 5 chord (D chord): delete
Dots 1, 4, 5, 6: control-shift-f1
Dots 1, 4, 5, 6 chord: F1

Keys for moving the mouse:
Dot 3 chord: Mouse Prior Character
Dot 6 chord: Mouse Next Character
Dot 2 chord: Mouse Prior Word
Dot 5 chord: Mouse Next Word
Dot 1 chord: Mouse Prior Line
Dot 4 chord: Mouse Next Line
Dots 2, 3, chord: Mouse Top Left
Dots 5, 6 chord: Mouse Bottom Left
Dots 1, 3 chord: Mouse Top Right
Dots 4, 6 chord: Mouse Bottom Right

Window-Eyes hotkeys:
Dots 1, 2, 4, 5 (letter G): Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Dots 1, 2, 4, 5 chord (G chord): Auto Untranslate At Caret
Dots 2, 3, 5, 6: Untranslate At Caret
Dots 2, 3, 5, 6 chord: Untranslate At Mouse
Dots 2, 3, 4 (letter S): Show Attributes Toggle
Dots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (letter Q): Quick Message Rotor
Dots 2, 4, 5, 6 (letter W): Brings up the Window-Eyes control panel
Dots 1, 4 (letter C): Caret to Mouse
Dots 1, 4 chord: Mouse to Caret
Dots 2, 3, 4 chord (S chord): Single Click Left Mouse Button
Dots 1, 3, 4 chord (M chord): MSAA Application Mode Toggle
Dots 2, 4 (letter I, the second letter in the word "link"): Brings up the list of links on a web page (Insert-Tab)
Dots 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 chord: Read To End
Dots 1, 2, 3, 5 (letter R): redraw the screen

Windows functions:
Dots 1, 3, 4 (letter M): Puts the focus on the menu bar of the active application. (ALT)
Dots 3, 4 chord: Brings up the start menu (Ctrl-Escape)
Dots 1, 2, 3, 4 (letter P, the second letter of the word "application"): Same as pressing the application key.
Dots 1, 4, 5 (letter D): Minimizes all running applications and puts the focus on the desktop items. (Windows-M)
Dots 1, 2, 5, 6: Same as pressing the alt-tab on the PC keyboard.
Dots 1, 2, 5, 6 chord: control-tab
Dots 2, 4, 5, 6 chord (W chord) Launches the Windows Explorer (Windows-E)
Dots 1, 3, 4, 6 (letter X): Maximizes the active window (Alt-dash, x)
Dots 1, 3, 4, 6 chord: Closes the active application (Alt-F4)
Dots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 chord: Invokes the process which will shut down your computer (Control-Escape)

* Braille Lite 40, M20 and M40:

The following list of Braille Lite keys is divided into five categories -- keys that move the Braille display, keys that move the caret or focus, keys that move the mouse, keys that emulate Window-Eyes hotkeys, and keys that emulate Windows keystrokes.

Keys that move the Braille Display:
Left side of the left advance bar: Scroll Braille Left
Right side of the right advance bar: Scroll Braille Right
Right side of the left advance bar: Prior Braille Line
Left side of the right advance bar: Next Braille Line

Dots 1, 2, 3 chord: Top Line
Dots 4, 5, 6 chord: Displays the bottom line of the window
Dots 3, 4: To Status Line
Dots 1, 2, 4: To Focus
Dots 1, 2 (letter B): Braille Tracking Toggle

Commands for moving the caret or focus:
Dot 3: left arrow
Dot 6: right arrow
Dot 2: control-left arrow
Dot 5: control-right arrow
Dot 1: up arrow
Dot 4: down arrow
Dots 2, 3: home
Dots 5, 6: end
Dots 1, 2, 3: control-home
Dots 4, 5, 6: control-end
Dots 1, 3: Page up
Dots 4, 6: page down
Chord: Same as pressing the space bar
Dots 1, 5 chord (E chord): ENTER
Dots 1, 3, 5, 6: (letter Z): ESCAPE
Dots 2, 3, 4,5, (letter T): Tab
Dots 2, 3, 4, 5 chord: shift-tab
Dots 1, 2 chord (B chord): backspace
Dots 1, 4, 5 chord (D chord): delete

Keys for moving the mouse:
Dot 3 chord: Mouse Prior Character
Dot 6 chord: Mouse Next Character
Dot 2 chord: prior word
Dot 5 chord: Mouse Next Word
Dot 1 chord: Prior line
Dot 4 chord: Mouse Next Line
Dots 2, 3, chord: Mouse Top Left
Dots 5, 6 chord: Mouse Bottom Left
Dots 1, 3 chord: Mouse Top Right
Dots 4, 6 chord: Mouse Bottom Right

Window-Eyes hotkeys:
Dots 1, 2, 4, 5 (letter G): Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Dots 1, 2, 4, 5 chord (G chord): Auto Untranslate At Caret
Dots 2, 3, 5, 6: Untranslate At Caret
Dots 2, 3, 5, 6 chord: Untranslate At Mouse
Dots 2, 3, 4 (letter S): Show Attributes Toggle
Dots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (letter Q): Quick Message Rotor
Dots 2, 4, 5, 6 (letter W): Brings up the Window-Eyes control panel
Dots 1, 4 (letter C): Caret to Mouse.
Dots 1, 4 chord: Mouse to Caret
Dots 1, 3, 4 chord (M chord): MSAA Application Mode Toggle
Dots 2, 4 (letter I, the second letter in the word "link"): Brings up the list of links on a web page (Insert-Tab)
Dots 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 chord: Read To End
Dots 1, 2, 3, 5 (letter R): redraw the screen
Dot 7: Single Click Left Mouse Button
Dot 8: Single Click Right Mouse Button

Windows functions:
Dots 1, 3, 4 (letter M): Puts the focus on the menu bar of the active application. (ALT)
Dots 3, 4 chord: Brings up the start menu (Ctrl-Escape)
Dots 1, 2, 3, 4 (letter p, the second letter of the word "application"): Same as pressing the application key.
Dots 1, 4, 5 (letter D): Minimizes all running applications and puts the focus on the desktop items. (Windows-M)
Dots 1, 2, 5, 6: Same as pressing the alt-tab on the PC keyboard.
Dots 1, 2, 5, 6 chord: control-tab
Dots 2, 4, 5, 6 chord (W chord) Launches the Windows Explorer (Windows-E)
Dots 1, 3, 4, 6 (letter X): Maximizes the active window (Alt-dash, x)
Dots 1, 3, 4, 6 chord: Closes the active application (Alt-F4)
Dots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 chord: Invokes the process which will shut down your computer (Control-Escape)


** HumanWare Braille Displays (Braille Window, BrailleNote, and Braille Voyager):

Keys defined by Humanware Inc.

The following HumanWare Braille Displays are supported in Window-Eyes: Braille Window, BrailleNote, and Braille Voyager. Each Braille display provides to its owner a distinct and unique means of accessing a graphically user interface tactually and efficiently.

The Braille Window - The Braille Window 45 and 85 cell models provide to the end user a stable, durable, and reliable option which takes advantage of six programmable Perkins style keys and 5 front panel thumb keys which have been assigned to a default layout of functions in the Window-Eyes application. Window-Eyes users may wish to alter these functions in the Hot-Keys dialog of the Braille menu in the Window-Eyes application.

The BrailleNote - HumanWare's new BrailleNote notetaker has redefined the standards for portable information management. This device can be utilized as a portable, refreshable Braille display, and ships with either an 18 or a 32 cell Braille line. Once again, a nine-key Braille keyboard coupled with 4 front-panel thumb-keys enable the user to utilize the BrailleNote's mnemonic command structure to navigate the Braille display effortlessly through a graphical environment.

The Braille Voyager - The Braille Voyager is the newest and most innovative of HumanWare's Braille displays to date. This 44 or 70 cell Braille display enables the user to incorporate BrailleNote and Braille Window commands into a device that provides true USB access for a compact, yet powerful refreshable Braille solution. Six Perkins style keys along with 4 thumb keys have been designed to access Window-Eyes functions. Two additional Perkins style keys and 1 middle thumb key with a 4 way toggle enables the user to access the control, alt, tab, alt+tab, control, control+tab, and enter keys directly from the Braille display. This epitomizes the Window-Eyes philosophy of utilizing Windows-based commands in addition to screen reading commands to access the Windows environment and all of its applications.

Please find below a list of suggested default Braille keystrokes that have been included in Window-Eyes. Feel free to alter these defaults if they do not meet your needs. Also, feel free to contact HumanWare technical support if you require assistance setting up or using any of these three displays when using the Window-Eyes screen reader. HumanWare technical support can be reached by phone at 916-652-1420 or by e-mail at: support@humanware.com.

*Braille Window/CombiBraille Command Summary:

Braille Movement Keys

Thumb1: Scroll Braille Left.
Thumb2: Up arrow.
Thumb4: Down arrow.
Thumb5: Scroll Braille Right.
Thumb1+Thumb2: left Arrow.
Thumb2+Thumb3: Prior Braille Line.
Thumb3+Thumb4: Next Braille Line
Thumb4+Thumb5: Right arrow.
Thumb1+Thumb4: Alt +left arrow.
Thumb2+Thumb5: Alt+right arrow.
Dot 2+3+4+5 (letter T): Top line.
Dot 1+2 (letter B): Bottom line.

Keyboard equivalent commands:

Dot 4+6: enter.
Dot 2+3+4 (letter S): Activate start menu (Ctrl-Escape).
Dot 1+4+5 (letter D): minimize programs and return to desktop (Windows-M).
Dot 1+3+5+6: Escape.
Dot 5: tab.
Dot 2+5: Alt-tab.
Dot 4+5: shift-tab.
Dot 1+2+3: insert-tab.
Dot 1+2+3+4 (letter P): Page Up.
Dot 1+3+4+5 (letter N): Page Down.
Thumb2+Thumb4: Delete key.
Dot 1+4: Copy (Ctrl-C).
Dot 1+3+4+6: Cut (Ctrl-X).
Dot 1+3+4: Activates the current application's menu bar (F10).

Window-Eyes function commands:

Dot 1+2+4+5 (letter G): Grade 2 Braille Toggle.
Dot 1+3+6 (letter U): Auto Untranslate At Caret.
Thumb2+Dot 1+3+6 (thumb2-letter U): Untranslate At Mouse.
Thumb3 Dot 1+3+6 (thumb3-letter U): Untranslate at Caret.
Dot 1+5 (letter E): Expand Symbols Toggle.

Dot 1 (letter A): Toggle MSAA mode.
Thumb3: Scroll mode toggle.
Dot 2: Toggle which attributes are displayed
Dot 3: Show Attributes Toggle.
Dot 4: Toggle whether to track mouse or focus.
Dot 1+2+5 (letter H): Voice parameter rotor. Same as insert+left arrow.
Dot 1+2+3+5 (letter R): Read to End.
Dot 2+4+5+6 (letter W): Bring the Window-Eyes program window into focus.
Dot 6: Toggle between six and eight dot Braille.

*BrailleNote Command Summary

Braille Movement Keys:

Thumb1: Scroll Braille Left.
Thumb2: Up arrow.
Thumb3: Down arrow.
Thumb4: Scroll Braille right.
Thumb1+Thumb2: Left Arrow.
Thumb3+Thumb4 Right Arrow.
Thumb1+Thumb4: Prior braille line.
Thumb2+ Thumb3: Next braille line..
Dot 2+3+4+5 (letter T): Top line.
Dot 1+2 (letter B): Bottom line.

Keyboard equivalent commands:

Dot 7: Escape.
Dot 8: Enter.
Dot 1+space: Shift+up arrow.
Dot 4+space: Shift+down Arrow.
Dot 2+space: Control+shift+left arrow.
Dot 5+space: Control+shift+right arrow.
Dot 3+space: Shift+left arrow.
Dot 6+space: Shift+right arrow.
Dot 1+2+3+space: Control+home.
Dot 4+5+6+space: Control+end.
Dot 2+3+4 (letter S): Activate start menu (Ctrl-Escape).
Dot 1+3+4 (letter M): Activate the current application's menu bar (F10).
Dot 1+3+4+space: Activate the context menu for the currently selected item.
Dot 1+4+5 (letter D): minimize programs and return to desktop (Windows-M).
Dot 5: tab.
Dot 2+5: Alt+tab.
Dot 4+5: shift+ tab.
Dot 1+2+3: insert+tab.
Dot 1+2+3+4 (letter P): Page up.
Dot 1+3+4+5 (letter N): Page Down.
Dot 3+6+7: Delete.
Dot 1+4: Copy (Ctrl-C).
Dot 1+3+4+6: Cut (Ctrl-X).
Dot 1+2+3+6: Paste (Ctrl-V).
Dot 1+3+5+6: Undo (Ctrl-Z).

Window-Eyes function commands:

Dot 1+2+4+5 (letter G): Grade 2 Braille Toggle.
Dot 1+7: Auto Untranslate At Caret.
Dot 1+3+6 (letter U): Untranslate At Caret.
Dot 1+3+6+7: Untranslate At Mouse
Dot 1+5 (letter E): Expand Symbols Toggle.

Dot 1 (letter A): Toggle MSAA mode.
Dot 2: toggle which attributes are displayed
Dot 3: Toggle Attribute Marking.
Dot 4: Toggle whether to track mouse or focus.
Dot 1+2+5 (letter H): Voice parameter rotor. Same as insert+left arrow.
Dot 1+2+3+5 (letter R): Read to End.
Dot 2+4+5+6 (letter W): Brings the Window-Eyes program window into focus.
Dot 6: Toggle between six and eight dot Braille.

*Braille Voyager Command Summary

Braille Movement Keys

Thumb1: Scroll Braille Left.
Thumb2: Up arrow.
Thumb3: Down arrow.
Thumb 4: Scroll Braille right.
Thumb1+Thumb2: Prior Braille Line
Thumb1+Thumb4: Prior Braille Line
Thumb3+Thumb4: Next Braille Line
Thumb2+ Thumb3: Left arrow.
Thumb2+Thumb4: Right arrow.
Dot 2+3+4+5 (letter T): Top line.
Dots 1+2 (letter B): Bottom line.

Keyboard equivalent commands:

Dot 1+3: Backspace.
Dot 4+6: Enter.
Dot 2+3+4 (letter S): Activate start menu (Ctrl-Escape).
Dot 1+3+4 (letter M): Activate the current application's menu bar (F10).
Dot 1+4+5 (letter D): minimize programs and return to desktop (Windows-M).
Dot 1+3+5+6: Escape.
Dot 5: tab.
Dot 2+5: Alt+tab.
Dot 4+5: shift+ tab.
Dot 1+2+3: insert+tab.
Dot 1+2+3+4 (letter P): Page up.
Dot 1+3+4+5: (letter N): Page Down.
Thumb3+dot 1+4+5 (letter D): Delete key.
Dot 1+4: Copy (Ctrl-C).
Dot 1+3+4+6: Cut (Ctrl-X).
Dot 1+2+3+6: Paste (Ctrl-V).

Window-Eyes function commands:

Dot 1+2+4+5 (letter G): Grade 2 Braille Toggle.
Dot 1+3+6 (letter U): Auto Untranslate At Caret.
Thumb2+Dot 1+3+6 (thumb2-letter U): Untranslate At Mouse.
Thumb3 Dot 1+3+6 (thumb3-letter U): Untranslate at Caret.
Dot 1+5 (letter E): Expand Symbols Toggle.

Dot 1 (letter A): Toggle MSAA mode.
Dot 2: toggle which attributes are displayed
Dot 3: Toggle Attribute Marking.
Dot 4: Toggle whether to track mouse or focus.
Dot 1+2+5 (letter H): Voice parameter rotor. Same as insert+left arrow.
Dot 1+2+3+5 (letter R): Read to End.
Dot 2+4+5+6 (letter W): Bring the Window-Eyes program window into focus.
Dot 6: Toggle between six and eight dot Braille.

** Papenmeier Braillex Braille Displays

Keys defined by Tommy Craig.

*Braillex EL Display Key Assignments:

LEFT1: Scroll Braille Left
RIGHT1: Scroll Braille Right
UP1: Prior Braille Line
DOWN1: Next Braille Line

LEFT2-(LEFT FRONT): Grade 2 Braille Toggle

LEFT1-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Left Arrow
RIGHT1-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Right Arrow
UP1-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Up Arrow
DOWN1-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Down Arrow
RIGHT2-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Tab
LEFT2-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Shift Tab
UP2-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Escape
DOWN2-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Enter
(LEFT FRONT)-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Control-O
(LEFT REAR)-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Control-Escape
(RIGHT REAR)-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Shift F10
(RIGHT FRONT)-(RIGHT SWITCH REAR): Backspace

UP2: Mouse Prior Character
DOWN2: Mouse Next Character
LEFT-REAR: Single Click Right Mouse Button
RIGHT-REAR: Double Click Left Mouse Button

LEFT2: Application Help
RIGHT2: Read to End
LEFT-FRONT: Redraw
RIGHT-FRONT: MSAA Toggle

* Braillex 2D Key Assignments:

UP: Scroll Braille Left
DOWN: Scroll Braille Right
HOME: Prior Braille Line
END: Next Braille Line

D2-D1: Grade 2 Braille Toggle

D7: Tab
Shift-D7: Shift-Tab

Shift-UP: Top Line
Shift-DOWN: Bottom Line
Shift-D2: To Status Line
D2: To Title Bar
D3: To Focus
Shift-Home: Prior Line
Shift-END: Next Line

Shift-D4: Single Click Left Mouse Button
Shift-D5: Single Click Right Mouse Button

D1: Braille Tracking Toggle
Shift-D3: Sys Tray
Shift-D1: Mouse Boundary Rotor
UP-DOWN: Read To End
D4: 6 / 8 Dot Braille Toggle
D5: Braille Window Toggle
D6: Scroll Mode Toggle
Shift-D6: WE/Mouse Toggle
D8: MSAA Application Mode Toggle
Shift-D8: Attribute to Show Rotor

* Braillex Compact/Tiny/2D lite Assignments:

back: Scroll Braille Left
forward: Scroll Braille Right
up: Prior Brialle Line
down: Next Braille Line

home braille: Tab
cursor home: Shift-Tab
function home: Escape
home attribute: Enter

up home: Top Line
home down: Bottom Line

function braille: Grade 2 Braille Toggle

function: Read To End
cursor: Braille Tracking Toggle
back home: Mouse Boundary Rotor
home forward: Scroll Mode Toggle
braille: 6/8 Dot Toggle
attribute: Show Attributes Toggle


** BAUM DM80 Display

Keys defined by Judy Dixon.

d6: Scroll Braille Right
d3: Scroll Braille Left
d1: Prior Braille Line
d2: Next Braille Line

d3-d5: Top Line
d4-d5: Bottom Line
d1-d2: To Focus

s6r: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
s6l: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
d5-d6: Untranslate at Caret
d5-d7: Untranslate at Mouse

d4: Braille Graphic Mode
d3-d4: Braille Tracking Toggle
d5: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
d7: Attributes To Show Rotor
d6-d7: Quick Message Rotor
s1r: 6/8 Dot Toggle
s1l: 6/8 Dot Toggle
s2r: Spacing Toggle
s2l: Spacing Toggle
s3r: Indent Toggle
s3l: Indent Toggle
s4r: Show Attributes Toggle
s4l: Show Attributes Toggle
s5r: Scroll Mode Toggle
s5l: Scroll Mode Toggle

** Focus Braille Display

This display currently has no default keys setup. Currently only serial is supported. The USB is not supported at this time. We have contacted Freedom Scientific several times for the USB support but to date have not received the necessary information.

** HandyTech Braille Displays

Keys defined by HandyTech

HandyTech (MOD80 / BrailleWave)

up: Scroll Braille Left
4: Scroll Braille Left
down: Scroll Braille Right
6: Scroll Braille Right
2: Next Braille Line
8: Prior Braille Line

escape: To Title Bar
7+8+9: To Title Bar
4+5+6: To Menu Bar
space: To Focus
9: To Focus
return: To Status Line
3: To Status Line
1+2+3: To Status Line
7: Top Line
1: Bottom Line

0: Single Click Left Mouse Button
status 1: Toggle Left Mouse Button
status 2: Toggle Middle Mouse Button
status 3: Toggle Right Mouse Button
status 4: Toggle Right Mouse Button

b14: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
escape+space: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
b4: Untranslate at Mouse
b1+b6: Auto Untranslate at Caret
b3+b1+b6: Untranslate at Caret

b12: Scroll Mode Toggle
b3+b2+b4: Scroll Mode Toggle
b10: Spacing Toggle
b7: WE/Mouse Toggle
b10-4: 6/8 Dot Toggle
escape+space+return: 6/8 Dot Toggle
b3: Caret ANSI/Attribute
b13: Braille Graphic Mode
space+return: Braille Graphic Mode
b1: Attributes To Show Rotor
b2+b1: Bypass
5: Line
b3+b2+b1: Read Status Line
b11: Indent Toggle
b9: Braille Tracking Toggle
b1+b4: Caret to Mouse
b3+b1+b4: Mouse to Caret
b11+1: Quick Message Rotor
b9+7: Braille Window Toggle
b5: MSAA Application Mode
b3+b2+b4+b5: Read Title/Status of Current App
b1+b4+b5: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
b3+b1+b4+b5: Menu
b6: Redraw
b3+b1+b4+b6: Sys Tray
b2+b4+b5+b6: Read Active Window
b3+b1+b4+b5+b6: Sync WE and Mouse
b8: Attribute Changes Toggle


HandyTech (Braille Star)

Keys defined by Pulse Data

The Braille Star features ten function keys which are located along its front pannel.

They are laid out in similar fashion to the keyboard of a Perkins Brailler. From left to right, their Braille dot assignments and functions are as follows:

7 3 2 1 Left Space Right Space 4 5 6 8

Additionally there are two triple action keys, one on each end of the Braille line. These keys can be pressed at the top, the center and at the bottom.

When referring to function keys throughout this readme, the following abbreviations will be used:

Left Triple Action Key, top:
Left Triple Action Key, center:
Left Triple Action Key, bottom:

Right Triple Action Key, top:
Right Triple Action Key, center:
Right Triple Action Key, bottom:

Left Space key:
Right Space key:
Left or right Space key:

Reading and Movement Commands

SPCR move forward one width 40 or 80 characters

SPCL Move back one width, 40 or 80 characters

Left up or Right up Move to prior braille Line

Left Down or Right Down Move to Next Braille Line

Dots 2 3 4 5 (t) Top of window

Left Up plus Right Up top of window

Dots 1 2 (b) Bottom of window

Left Down plus Right Down bottom of window

SPC/LR plus Dots 1 4 Read the current line.

SPC/LR plus dot 6 Say next character

SPC/LR plus Dot 4 Say next line.

SPC/LR plus Dot 5 Say next word.

SPC/LR plus Dot 3 Say prior character.

SPC/LR plus Dot 1 Say prior line.

SPC/LR plus Dot 2 Say prior word

SPC/LR plus Dots 2 5 Say current Word

SPC/LR plus Dots 3 6 Say current character.

Dots 2 3 5 6 Read to end command).

Toggle Commands

Dot 3 ' (apostrophe) Toggles between WE cursor or mouse pointer.

Dot 2 , (comma) Toggle attribute marking on/off.

Dots 1 2 4 5 (g) Toggle Grade 2 Braille on/off.

Dot 4 Toggles whether WE cursor or the focus is tracked.

Dot 6 (capital sign) Toggles 6 or 8 dot Braille.

QWERTY Keyboard Simulation

Commands listed in this section yield the same result as would pressing their corresponding windows keyboard equivalent


Right Center=tab

Left Center= Shift Tab

Dot 7=Escape

Dot 8=Enter


Application and Windows Functions

Dots 1 4 5 (d) Minimize all applications (sends focus to the desktop)

Dots 1 3 4 (M) alt key - activates menu bar

Dot 5=Move to next document window.

Dots 5 6=move to previous document window

Dots 2 3 4 (s) START menu


Internet Explorer related commands

Dots 1 2 3 (l)=select from a list of available links, frames and tables.

Left Up plus Left Down plus Right Up plus Right Down=Skip to next text line.



**Navigator Braille Displays

Keys defined by Judy Dixon.

*Navigator 20/40:

R. Left: Scroll Braille Left
R. Right: Scroll Braille Right
R. Top: Prior Braille Line
R. Bottom: next Braille Line

L. Top: Mouse Top Left
L. Bottom: Mouse Bottom Left
L. Top-L. Round Button: Mouse Top Right
L. Bottom-L. Round Button: Mouse Bottom Right
R. Top-R. Bottom: Go To Focus
L. Top-R. Top: Top Line
L. Bottom-R. Bottom: Bottom Line
L. Left: Go to Status Line
L. Right: Go to Title Bar

L. Top-L. Bottom: Mouse to Caret
L. Left-L. Right: Caret to Mouse

L. Round Button-R. Round Button: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
R. Top-r. Round Button: Untranslate At Caret
R. Bottom-r. Round Button: Untranslate At Mouse

L. Round Button: Toggle 6/8 Braille
R. Round Button: Braille Tracking Toggle
L. Left-R. Right: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
L. Right-R. Left: Braille Graphic Dictionary Mode
L. Left-R. Left: Toggle Scroll Mode
L. Right-R. Right: Spacing Toggle

*Navigator 80:

L. Square Button: Scroll Braille Left
R. Square Button: Scroll Braille Right
L. Bar: Prior Braille Line
R. Bar: Next Braille Line

C. Top: Mouse Top Left
C. Bottom: Mouse Bottom Left
C. Top-L. Round Button: Mouse Top Right
C. Bottom-L. Round Button: Mouse Bottom Right
L. Bar-R. Bar: Go To Focus
C. Top-L. Bar: Top Line
C. Bottom-R. Bar: Bottom Line
C. Left: Go to Status Line
C. Right: Go to Title Bar

C. Top-C. Bottom: Mouse to Caret
C. Left-C. Right: Caret to Mouse

L. Round Button-R. Round Button: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
L. Bar-R. Round Button: Untranslate At Caret
R. Bar-R. Round Button: Untranslate At Mouse

L. Round Button: Toggle 6/8 Braille
R. Round Button: Braille Tracking Toggle
C. Left-R. Square Button: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
C. Right-L. Square Button: Braille Graphic Dictionary Mode
C. Left-L. Square Button: Scroll Mode Toggle
C. Right-R. Square Button: Spacing Toggle


**PowerBraille Braille Displays

Keys defined by Judy Dixon.

*PowerBraille 40:

left button: Scroll braille left
right button: Scroll braille right
left rocker up: Prior braille line
left rocker down: Next braille line

right rocker up: Top line
right rocker down: Bottom Line
Left rocker up-Left button: Mouse top left
Left rocker down-Left button: mouse bottom left
right rocker up-right button: Mouse top right
right rocker down-right button: mouse bottom right
Left button-Right button: Go to focus

Convex-Concave: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Concave-Right rocker up: Untranslate At Caret
Concave-Right rocker down: Untranslate At Mouse

Left rocker up-right rocker up: Scroll Mode Toggle
Left rocker down-Right rocker down: Spacing Toggle
Left rocker up-Convex: Attributes To Show Rotor
Left rocker down-Convex: Show Attributes Toggle
Left rocker down-right rocker up: Quick Message Rotor
Left rocker up-concave: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
Left rocker down-concave: Braille graphic dictionary mode
convex: Toggle 6/8 braille
concave: braille tracking toggle

*PowerBraille 65/80:

Top Bar 1: Scroll Braille Left
Top Bar 2: Scroll Braille Right
Top Button 3: Scroll Braille Right
Top Button 4: Scroll Braille Right
Left Rocker Up: Prior Braille Line
Left Rocker Down: next Braille Line
Switch 4 Up: Top Line
Switch 4 Down: Bottom Line
Left Rocker Up-right Rocker Up: Go to Title Bar
Left Rocker Down-right Rocker Down: Go to Status Bar
Convex: Go to Focus
Top Button 1: Mouse Top Left
Top Button 2: Mouse Bottom Left
Top Bar 3: Mouse Top Right
Top Bar 4: Mouse Bottom Right

Convex-concave: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
Right Rocker Up-Concave: Untranslate At Caret
Right Rocker Down-Concave: Untranslate At Mouse

Switch 1 Up: Toggle 6/8 Dot Braille
Switch 1 Down: Toggle 6/8 Dot Braille
Switch 2 Up: Scroll Mode Toggle
Switch 2 Down: Spacing Toggle
Concave: Braille Tracking Toggle
Right Rocker Up: Braille Graphic Dictionary Mode
Right Rocker Down: Attributes To Show Rotor
Switch 3 Up: Show Attributes Toggle
Switch 3 Down: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
Top Button 3-Top Button 4: Quick Message Rotor
Top Button 1-top Button 4: Toggle All Voices


**Vario/RBT40 (Rabbit) and Vario 80 Displays

Keys defined by Judy Dixon.

In order to use the Vario/RBT40 braille display with Window-Eyes it must be in the Vario's emulation or native mode. Keys on the display are numbered like the dots of a braille cell. 1, 2, 3 from back to front on the left and 4, 5, 6 back to front on the right.

Setting Vario's Emulation Mode:

1. The method for setting the Vario's emulation will depend on the firmware version that is present in the unit. To determine the firmware version, turn on the Vario. You will see "baum" followed by the version number and the emulation mode. The numbers for these settings are written in German braille. The digits 1-9 are just like Grade 1 braille numbers in English with a dot 6 added. The 0 looks like a plus sign. So firmware version 005 would be written "++:".

2. For Firmware Version 005 or below:

After turning the display on, you can cycle up or down through the available emulations with display keys 1 or 3. In most cases, there are four possible emulation modes. When the display is blank after the "emul", then it is set to the Vario emulation.

You can save the new setting by pressing display keys 1 and 3 or 4 and 6 together and holding them down for at least three seconds. When the saving process is complete, the braille display is reset.

3. Firmware version 006 and above

After turning on the display, you will see the word "BAUM", the version number, the version date, and "mode" followed by the current emulation mode. use display keys 1 or 3 to cycle up or down through the menu options. Go to the one that says:

prot3 baum ht pb* pb<

To select the Vario emulation, press a router key above the word "baum" to highlight it. When you next turn on the display it will read "mode3 * Baum".

*Vario/RBT40 and Vario 80:

One-button Commands:
1 (a): Prior Braille Line
2 (1): Scroll Braille Left
3: Next Braille Line
4: Toggle 6/8 Braille
5: Scroll Braille Right
6: Go to Focus

Two-button Commands:
1-2 (b): Mouse Top Left
1-3 (k): Braille Tracking Toggle
1-4 (c): Top Line
1-5 (e): Braille Graphic Dictionary Mode
2-3 (2): Mouse Bottom Left
2-5: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
2-4 (i): Untranslate At Caret
2-6 (5): Untranslate At Mouse
3-4: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
3-5 (9): Caret to Mouse
3-6: Bottom Line
4-5: Mouse Top Right
4-6: Tab
5-6: Mouse Bottom Right

Three-button Commands:
1-2-4 (f): Mouse Search
1-2-5 (h): Application Help
1-3-4 (m): To Menu Bar
1-3-6 (u): Mouse Boundary Rotor
1-4-5 (d): Field Data
2-3-4 (s): To Status Line
2-3-5 (6): Single Click Right Mouse Button
2-3-6 (8): Attributes To Show Rotor
2-4-5 (j): Show Attributes Toggle
2-4-6: Escape
2-5-6: (4): Single Click Left Mouse Button
3-4-5 (>): Attributes To Show Rotor
3-4-6 (+): Spacing Toggle
3-5-6: (0): Mouse to Caret
4-5-6: Shift-tab

Four and five button Commands:
1-2-3-4: (p): Continue Mouse Search
1-2-3-5 (r): Read to End
1-2-4-5 (g): Autolabel Graphics
1-3-4-5 (n): Field Name
2-3-4-5 (t): Go to Title Bar
1-2-3-4-5 (q): Rotor Quick Message
1-2-3-6 (v): Braille Window Toggle
1-3-4-6 (x): Silence
1-3-5-6 (z): Time/Date
2-4-5-6 (w): Read Active Window
1-3-4-5-6 (y): Sys Tray

Alphabetical Listing:
1 (a): Prior Braille Line
1-2 (b): Mouse Top Left
1-4 (c): Top Line
1-4-5 (d): Field Data
1-5 (e): Braille Graphic Dictionary Mode
1-2-4 (f): Mouse Search
1-2-4-5 (g): Autolabel Graphics
1-2-5 (h): Application Help
2-4 (i): Untranslate At Caret
2-4-5 (j): Show Attributes Toggle
1-3 (k): Braille Tracking Toggle
1-3-4 (m): To Menu Bar
1-3-4-5 (n): Field Name
3-5-6: (0): Mouse to Caret
1-2-3-4: (p): Continue Mouse Search
1-2-3-4-5 (q): Rotor Quick Message
1-2-3-5 (r): Read to End
2-3-4 (s): To Status Line
2-3-4-5 (t): Go to Title Bar
1-3-6 (u): Mouse Boundary Rotor
1-2-3-6 (v): Braille Window Toggle
2-4-5-6 (w): Read Active Window
1-3-4-6 (x): Silence
1-3-4-5-6 (y): Sys Tray
1-3-5-6 (z): Time/Date

2 (1): Scroll Braille Left
2-3 (2): Mouse Bottom Left
2-5-6: (4): Single Click Left Mouse Button
2-6 (5): Untranslate At Mouse
2-3-5 (6): Single Click Right Mouse Button
2-3-6 (8): Attributes To Show Rotor
3-5 (9): Caret to Mouse

3: Next Braille Line
4: Toggle 6/8 Braille
5: Scroll Braille Right
6: Go to Focus
2-5: Grade 2 Braille Toggle
3-4: Display Individual Attribute Rotor
3-6: Bottom Line
4-5: Mouse Top Right
5-6: Mouse Bottom Right
3-4-5 (>): Attributes To Show Rotor
3-4-6 (+): Spacing Toggle
4-6: Tab
4-5-6: Shift-tab
2-4-6: Escape


* Vario 80 additional keys:

The following keys are in addition to the keys listed above.

b0: space
b1: a
b1-2: b
b1-4: c
b1-4-5: d
b1-5: e
b1-2-4: f
b1-2-4-5: g
b1-2-5: h
b2-4: i
b2-4-5: j
b1-3: k
b1-2-3: l
b1-3-4: m
b1-3-4-5: n
b1-3-5: o
b1-2-3-4: p
b1-2-3-4-5: q
b1-2-3-5: r
b2-3-4: s
b2-3-4-5: t
b1-3-6: u
b1-2-3-6: v
b1-3-4-6: x
b1-3-4-5-6: y
b1-3-5-6: z
b1-2-3-4-6: & (ampersand)
b1-2-3-4-5-6: = (equals)
b1-2-3-5-6: ( (left parenthesis)
b2-3-4-6: ! (exclamation point)
b2-3-4-5-6: ) (right parenthesis)
b1-6: * (asterisk)
b1-2-6: < (less than)
b1-4-6: % (percent)
b1-4-5-6: ? (question mark)
b1-5-6: : (colon)
b1-2-4-6: $ (dollar sign)
b1-2-4-5-6: } (right brace)
b1-2-5-6: | (vertical bar)
b2-4-6: { (left brace)
b2-4-5-6: w
b2: 1
b2-3: 2
b2-5: 3
b2-5-6: 4
b2-6: 5
b2-3-5: 6
b2-3-5-6: 7
b2-3-6: 8
b3-5: 9
b3-5-6: 0 (zero)
b3-4: / (slash)
b3-4-6: + (plus sign)
b3-4-5-6: # (number sign)
b3-4-5: > (greater than)
b3: ' (apostrophe)
b3-6: - (hyphen)
b4: ` (accent grave)
b4-5: ~ (tilde)
b4-5-6: _ (underscore)
b5: " (double quote)
b4-6: . (period)
b5-6: ; (semicolon)
b6: , (comma)

n1: Scroll Braille Right
n3: Scroll Braille Right
n5: Scroll Braille Right
n7: Scroll Braille Right
n9: Scroll Braille Right
n2: Scroll Braille Left
n4: Scroll Braille Left
n6: Scroll Braille Left
n8: Scroll Braille Left
n10: Scroll Braille Left

** HANDIALOG

The 40 cells TVB2040 or 20 cells MiniTVB (MiniVisioBraille) braille display terminals allow a Perkins keyboard input of almost all the Window-Eyes shortcuts. Shortcuts may also be assigned to the auxiliary function keys (32 function keys for the TVB2040, 9 for the MiniTVB).

When the braille display notetaker is powered on, the microcode level is displayed with the following format :

TVB xRn.p

Where x is a microcode version code (W or J) and n.p is a level information. In order to use Window-Eyes, you must have a microcode level equal to J and a level of 5.x or above.

* TVB2040

The VisioBraille function keys are named using a letter/digit code. TVB2040 users are used to this naming convention.

Braille input via the Perkins keyboard complies with the french normalized CBIS codification. For users who wish to use the SAGEM codification a set of tables is available from Handialog upon request.

TVB2040 auxiliary keyboard key assignment :

A1 : Start menu
A2 : Desktop (open windows are minimized)
A3 : System task bar
A4 : Braille left scroll
A5 : Braille right scroll
A6 : Mouse left button
A7 : Mouse left button hold / release
A8 : Mouse right button
B1 : Back tab
B2 : Up arrow
B3 : Tab
B4 : Read marked block
B5 : Read window title / status
B6 : Mouse top left
B7 : Previous braille line
B8 : Mouse top right
C1 : Left arrow
C2 : Select attributes
C3 : Right arrow
C4 : First item
C5 : Mouse cursor / WE cursor toggle
C6 : Previous word
C7 : To focus
C8 : Next word
D1 : Del
D2 : Down arrow
D3 : Insert
D4 : Last item
D5 : WE cursor to Mouse cursor
D6 : Mouse down left
D7 : Next braille line
D8 : Mouse down right

TVB2040 braille keyboard key assignment : :
Dots 178 (Fn A) : Show attributes
Dots 1278 (Fn B) : Track mouse / focus
Dots 1478 (Fn C) : Braille grade2 toggle
Dots 14578 (Fn D) : Page down
Dots 1578 (Fn E) : End
Dots 12345678 (Fn é) : Screen refresh
Dots 12578 (Fn H) : Home
Dots 12378 (Fn L) : Read to end
Dots 13478 (Fn M) : Mssa mode on / off toggle
Dots 123478 (Fn P) : 6/8 dots toggle
Dots 1234578 (Fn Q) : Close active window (Alt-F4)
Dots 123578 (Fn R) : Find next
Dots 23478 (Fn S) : Find string
Dots 234578 (Fn T) : PC date and time
Dots 13678 (Fn U) : Page up
Dots 123678 (Fn V) : Shift toggle
Dots 245678 (Fn W) : Window-eyes control panel
Dots 134678 (Fn X) : Context help
Dots 135678 (Fn Z) : Speech on / off toggle


* MiniTVB

Braille input via the Perkins keyboard complies with the french normalized CBIS codification. For users who wish to use the SAGEM codification a set of tables is available from Handialog upon request.

MiniTVB auxiliary keyboard key assignment :

Bn G : Braille left scroll
Bn D : Braille right scroll
<8> : Up arrow
<4> : Left arrow
<6> : Right arrow
<2> : Down arrow
<79> : Previous braille line
<17> : mot précédent
<39> : mot suivant
<13> : Next braille line
<7> : Mouse top left
<9> : Mouse top right
<1> : Mouse down left
<3> : Mouse down right
<14> : Mouse left button
<25> : Mouse left button hold / release
<36> : Mouse right button
<5> : To focus
<56> : Mouse cursor / WE cursor toggle
<23> : WE cursor to Mouse cursor
<47> : Start menu
<58> : Desktop (open windows are minimized)
<69> : System task bar
<57> : Back tab
<59> : Tab
<78> : Read marked block
<89> : Read window title / status
<46> : Select attributes
<45> : First item
<12> : Last item
<15> : Del
<35> : Insert

MiniTVB braille keyboard key assignment :

Dots 178 (Fn A) : Show attributes
Dots 1278 (Fn B) : Track mouse / focus
Dots 1478 (Fn C) : Braille grade2 toggle
Dots 14578 (Fn D) : Page down
Dots 1578 (Fn E) : End
Dots 12345678 (Fn é) : Screen refresh
Dots 12578 (Fn H) : Home
Dots 12378 (Fn L) : Read to end
Dots 13478 (Fn M) : Mssa mode on / off toggle
Dots 123478 (Fn P) : 6/8 dots toggle
Dots 1234578 (Fn Q) : Close active window (Alt-F4)
Dots 123578 (Fn R) : Find next
Dots 23478 (Fn S) : Find string
Dots 234578 (Fn T) : PC date and time
Dots 13678 (Fn U) : Page up
Dots 123678 (Fn V) : Shift toggle
Dots 245678 (Fn W) : Window-eyes control panel
Dots 134678 (Fn X) : Context help
Dots 135678 (Fn Z) : Speech on / off toggle